Provincial Nominees Program (PNP)
Most provinces in Australia have an agreement with Government of Australia that allows them to nominate immigrates who wish to settle in that province. Person, who chooses to immigrate to Australia as a provincial nominee, must first apply to the province where he or she wishes to settle and complete its provincial nomination process. The province will consider the application based on its immigration needs and persons genuine intention to settle there.
References:Citizenship and Immigration Australia / Immigration and Refugee Board